Journal Policies

Zien Journals Publishing editorial team has set up standard publishing policies, and the publisher is responsible for the smooth conduct of the policies.


Peer-Review Policy

The journal implements the peer review policy to ensure the quality of the publication in the journal. The peer-review process consists of an initial check, a double-blind review by reviewers, and a decision by the main editor.

Initial Check: The editor evaluates the submitted manuscript to determine if the content suits the journal. The manuscript is also subjected to a similarity check procedure to identify any indication of plagiarism. Manuscripts with contents that are unsuitable for the journal or with a high plagiarism percentage will be returned immediately to the author(s).

Peer Review: Submitted manuscripts that have passed the initial check are subjected to double-blind review, where both authors and reviewers remain anonymous during the review process. A minimum of two reviewers are assigned to evaluate and provide the recommendation for a manuscript. In assigning the reviewers, the editor is responsible for avoiding conflict of interest during the review process.

Decision: The editor makes the final decision on the acceptability of a manuscript based on the comments and recommendations of the reviewers.


Open Access Policy

This journal immediately provides open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global knowledge exchange. All articles published by the journal are open-access and will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.



All journal content is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License that allows others to use the articles for non-commercial purposes with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.


User Rights

Under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC), the author (s) and users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution).

Rights of Authors

Authors retain the following rights:
1. Copyright and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,
2. the right to use the substance of the article in future works, including lectures and books,
3. the right to reproduce the article for own purposes, provided the copies are not offered for sale,
4. the right to self-archive the article.


Article Processing Charge (APC)

Article Processing Charges for this journal are as follows:

Article Submission: 0.00 (USD)
No charge is applied for article submission.

Article Publication: 0.00 (USD)
Article Publication Fee is waived for all authors till an unspecified period.


Publication Policy

To ensure the quality of the publication, all the manuscripts are exposed to double-blind peer review. The author and reviewers’ identities are kept anonymous in the peer-review process.

The journal accepts original research, reviews, short letters, book reviews, and short overviews for publication. All the submitted manuscripts are subjected to plagiarism checks using appropriate software.

There are no submission or publication fees for the authors.

The journal is only available in electronic format.

The journal assigns a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) to each article.


General Terms and Conditions of Use

Users of the Zien Journals website agree not to misuse the service in any way. The failure of Zien Journals Publishing to exercise or enforce any right or provision in the policies or the Submission Agreement does not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If any term of the Submission Agreement or these policies is found to be invalid, the parties nevertheless agree that the court should endeavour to give effect to the parties intentions as reflected in the provision and the other provisions of the Submission Agreement, and these policies remain in full force and effect. These policies and the Submission Agreement constitute the entire agreement between Zien Journals Publishing and the Author (s) regarding the submission of the Article.


Archiving System and Repository Policy

Zien Journals Publishing offers a publishing model that enables broad access to academic research and global readership for our authors and ensures the long-term preservation of published content. As a result, we permit authors to archive their contributions to this Journal. This can be via authors' websites or their institutions' or funding bodies' online repositories or archives. Zien Journals Publishing has an Archive of all articles published on the website in the archive section.

In addition, all published articles are archived by Zien Journals Publishing at several repositories, including:

Public Knowledge Project (PKP)-PLN, LOCKSS, CLOCKS, ISSN Keepers Registry


Complaint Policy

If anybody has any complaint about any Zien Journals Publishing matter (for example, any violation of a policy or ethics of Zien Journals Publishing). In that case, they are encouraged to email the Editorial office at Appropriate action will be taken by the Managing Editor or the Editor-in-Chief, who may choose to form a committee of three independent scholars to resolve the issue.


Journal Ownership

All the journals published by this website are owned by Zien Journals Publishing, with postal address 5700 Tennyson Parkway, Suite 300, Plano, Texas, USA 75024


Advertising Policy

Zien Journals Publishing does not accept advertisements.

Revenue Sources

Zien Journals Publishing accepts grants and donations from stakeholders for the cost of journal maintenance.

Direct Marketing

Zien Journals Publishing follow the guidelines for marketing: Any direct marketing activities, including solicitation of manuscripts conducted on behalf of Zien Journals Publishing, should be appropriate, well-targeted, and unobtrusive. Information about Zien Journals Publishing should be truthful and not misleading for readers or authors.