Texas Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm <p><strong>Texas Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies</strong> provides the opportunity to the authors to publish their original research articles in Multidisciplinary field. </p> <p><strong>Frequency of Publication:</strong> Bi-Monthly</p> <p><strong>Acceptance Notification:</strong> 45 Days</p> <p><strong>ISSN (Online):</strong> <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2770-0003">2770-0003</a></p> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor (2022): </strong>5.909</p> Zien Journals en-US Texas Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies 2770-0003 Effect of Dietary Inclusion of Sunflower (Helianthus Annus) Oil on the Growth Performance of Broiler Finisher Chickens https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1501 <p>A research was conducted to determine the dietary inclusion levels of sunflower ((Helianthus annus) oil (SWO) on the growth performance of broiler chickens. One hundred and fifty four- weeks old broiler chickens were randomly allotted into 5 treatments with three replicates consisting of 10 birds each in a completely randomized design (CRD). Birds in T2, T3, and T4 and T5 were fed the basal diet mixed with 100, 200, 300, and 400 mg/kg of sunflower oil, while birds in T1 were fed the basal diet and Neomycin at 2.0 g/kg. The experiment lasted for 28 days. Feed and clean water were offered ad libitum and all other management practices were strictly observed throughout the experimental period. Data were collected on average weight gain (AWG), total feed intake (TFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR). Data generated was analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) using SPSS. Phytochemical composition of sunflower oil revealed the presence of bioactive chemicals like Flavonoids (10.06 %), tannins (6.96 %), phenols (7.06 %), trepenoids (5.01 %), steroids (4.47 %), alkaloids (3.86 %) and saponins (4.47 %). Results of the growth performance showed that birds fed sunflower oil had significantly (P&lt;0.05) higher final body weight, average body weight gain, total feed intake and better feed conversion ratio compared to the control given synthetic antibiotics (T1). Mortality was only recorded among birds in T1 and none was recorded in the other treatments (P&lt;0.05). It can be concluded that the inclusion of sunflower oil up to 400 mg/kg in the diets of broiler chickens enhanced growth performance and suppressed the activities of pathogenic microorganisms.</p> AGUBOSI, O.C.P WIKA, BEKITDA KIRITMWA ALAGBE, J.O Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 1 8 Provision of Carbohydrates to the Body of the Elderly https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1502 <p>In this article, the longevity of the elderly and the elderly is important in furthering the culture of life, in other words, in shaping their healthy lifestyle. One of the most important determinants of a healthy lifestyle is proper nutrition.</p> Karimov Rasulovich Kiyomova Nozigul Farhod kizi Hamzayeva Nargiza Rajabboyevna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 9 11 Social protection of the population and development of social relations https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1503 <p>The purpose of the formation of a socially oriented market economy in the country is to improve the welfare of the population, to meet its growing needs, to raise the cultural and spiritual level and to ensure the peaceful coexistence of society. Due to the formation of market relations in our country at the level of society, there are financial difficulties among certain segments of the population. This will be achieved by the state using the funds of the centralized social protection system to solve the problems that have arisen temporarily. Social problems, social protection and social security problems cannot be left alone. The world's population is growing every year. At the same time, the United Nations is concerned about the growing poverty of the world's population</p> Professor Khabibulla Ismoilovich Baev Botir Boltabaevich Adilov Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 12 15 The Human Factor in the Development of Innovations in the Context of Globalization https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1506 <p>The issues related to the human factor and its activation in innovative development play an important role in the development of programs for socio-economic development of the country, the deepening of reforms. This article provides views on the development of competitive training for innovation in the context of globalization, increasing the prestige of scientific work, as well as scientifically based recommendations for capacity building</p> Adilov Botir Baltabayevich Abdullayeva Madina Kamilovna Shodiev Toxir Ochilovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 16 20 Specific Features of the Use of Borrowings in the Language of Advertising https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1507 <p>The article looks at the specific features of the usage of borrowed Anglicisms in Russian texts and their perception by native speakers of Russian. Analysis of relevant linguistic studies in the sphere of media linguistics and borrowings, media texts, as well as lexicographic resources capturing the expansion of the thesaurus of the Russian language due to borrowings, shows that one of the stylistic features of the modern media is a growing number of only partly assimilated borrowings from the English language, including lexemes that form the value system guiding native speakers of the recipient language. The purpose of introducing borrowings into media texts is the attraction of the audience’s attention. However, it appears that the effect produced by borrowings on an average recipient is controversial. In order to test the suggested hypothesis, the authors examine the specific features of the usage of partly assimilated borrowings in media texts that refer to the issues of tolerance and their derivatives (bullying, cyberbullying, abuse, ageism, etc.).</p> Nishanov Yashin Izzatullaevich Abdullaeva Naira Erkinjon kizi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 21 23 Autonomous Learning and Metacognitive Strategies Essentials in ESP Class https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1508 <p>The reform in teaching and curriculum involves not only in the teaching content, but more so in teachers’ methodology, the students’ learning strategies and the changed relationship between students and teachers in the classroom setting. The purpose of this paper is to suggest that what is needed for ESP is a different orientation to English study and to outline an approach which departs from that which is generally taken. Broadly, what is involved is a shift of the focus of attention from the grammatical to the communicative properties of language. This view that the difficulties which the students encounter arise not so much from a defective knowledge of the system of language but from unfamiliarity with English use is acceptable but not sufficient. It is suggested that although specification of language needs is necessary for ESP course and it will be useful for selecting and grading materials, in teaching ESP learning strategies should play an important role. Accordingly, autonomous learning and metacognitive strategies are suggested as basic essentials for teaching and learning ESP.</p> Dr. Irfan Tosuncuoğlu Ali Abbas Jasim Mohammed Assist. Lect. Ghaith Saleh Mahdi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 24 31 Political Defections in Nigeria: Implications for Our Nascent Democracy https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1500 <p>The Nigerian political turf is replete with a monstrous phenomenon which has emerged as a potent retrogressive factor with the capability of torpedoing our nascent democracy. This sinister offshoot of our democratic experience is the fanciful multi-numenclated phenomenon called Political Defection. The prime focus of this discourse is to undertake a philosophical expository analysis of the conversational narratives bordering on the subject under investigation. In this essay, therefore, a historical exposition of particular cases of cross-carpeting as well as a corresponding analysis of the causes, legitimacy and implications of political porting will be surveyed. The essay will also discuss the possible ways of curbing incessant party switching so as to strengthen and foster the deepening of democracy in Nigeria.</p> Christopher Alexander Udofia Professor Andrew F. Uduigwomen Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 32 34 The Integration of Native Language in EFL Classes https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1509 <p>This article shows how the integration of native language in EFL classes affect positively the teaching and learning processes of English as a foreign language. The methodology shows a quantitative approach performing different processes and techniques adapted to the requirements of the investigation, data is the result of tests done to two groups of fifteen students in two class at Karbala university, surveys and interviews. There is a theoretical research fromauthors about the use of native language in EFL classes which makes the investigation very solid. The results show that the integration of students’ native language in the learning of English as a foreign language can help them achieve their learning goals.</p> Assist. Prof. Dr. Irfan Tosuncuoğlu Ali Abbas Jasim Mohammed Assist. Lect. Ghaith Saleh Mahdi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 35 40 In Management of Enterprises in the Service Market: Method of Evaluation of Efficiency of Services https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1520 <p>The methods used in evaluating services in this article.In evaluating services we recommended evaluating service-oriented investments i.e scientifically substantiating the possibility of increasing the economic efficiency of an enterprise by separating services from the main type of activity and increasing the investment efficiency of services.</p> Payazov Murod Maksudovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 41 47 The Importance of a Child's Brain Development in Mental Arithmetics and its Role in Life https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1513 <p>This article discusses mental arithmetic in preschool education and provides a promising platform for further education, allowing to achieve excellent intellectual and creative development results in the learning process.</p> Sharora Khamrayeva Rustambek qizi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 48 49 Anti-Corruption Culture: Reforms And Main Directions Socio-Philosophical Analysis https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1514 <p>Corruption as a phenomenon has been familiar to people since ancient times. It is not one of the oldest, but it is also not a relatively young phenomenon of social reality. For about seven centuries, history has taught us that in the course of civilization mankind has been quite successful in fighting this evil. But even at the beginning of the third millennium, we humans have not yet succeeded in eradicating corruption in the full sense of the word. Corruption is a self-perpetuating phenomenon that exists within public life and has no national or territorial borders. This concept testifies to its imperfection and weakness and arises from the "bowels" of the state, the low legal culture of not only officials, but also society as a whole. After all, officials are a part of society. At the same time, corruption is one of the elements of the "legal" shadow life.</p> Isomiddinov Yunusjon Yusubboevich, Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 50 53 Specialized Training of Wrestlers at the Stage of Initial Sports Training https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1515 <p>In this work, we studied the effectiveness of the use of non-traditional training methods for young sambists from the initial training period</p> Bayturaev Yerlan Isakovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 54 56 Methods of Preparing Sambists for Difficult Situations During Competitions https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1516 <p>This article is a scientific study on how to prepare sambists for difficult situations in the competitive process.</p> Bayturaev Yerlan Isakovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 57 59 Methods of Development of Improvement of Special Physical Training of Sambists https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1517 <p>This article presents scientific research on ways to improve the general and special physical training of sambists in the training process.</p> Bayturaev Yerlan Isakovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 60 63 Food safety management https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1528 <p>The lack of single international requirements for the system of Product Safety and Quality Management in food enterprises ISO 22000 series "Food Safety Management System. The need to develop"requirements for all of the supply chain" came out, and it was introduced from September 2005.</p> Davlyatova Mavlyuda Baxtiyorovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 64 67 General Geographical Description of Piskent District https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1538 <p>This article describes Piskent district. The geographical potential, development and specificity of the district are analyzed.</p> Nasirullayeva Zilolakhon Saydolimovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 68 71 Strengthening the Integrated Steam of Technologies in the Environment of Information Technologies and Computer Programs https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1539 <p>This article reveals the aspects of strengthening integrated learning in the content of STEAM learning technology by means of information technology and computer programs. The author submits the idea of earlier teaching computer science, teaching children, together with their parents, programming in the Scratch program and in the Python programming language based on different methods, divided by age and intellectual characteristics of children, i.e. here we are talking about the training program for preschoolers, school students and finally graduate students, who will teach computer science and information technology in the future. Preference will also be given to additional education, circle lessons aimed at teaching and learning subjects in the style of STEAM technologies in continuous areas of education.</p> Gulshod Yunusova Nazikhovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-06 2022-05-06 8 72 80 Modern Corporate Governance Technologies are the Basis for the Development of the Organization's Economy https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1546 <p>In this article, modern corporate govenance, its importance aspects and economic by stimulating management information on ways to achieve efficiency</p> Vohobov Hikmatillo Ma'mirjon o'g'li Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 8 81 82 Research Of Operational Reliability Of Automatic Transmissions https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1547 <p>This article is devoted to the review of existing designs of automatic gearbox (AG). Based on the analysis, three types of AG systems are identified, which are installed in modern designs of cars and trucks, as well as in buses. The article presents the main advantages and disadvantages of various types of AG. The regularities of the distribution of the failure density depending on the mileage of city buses are shown. Based on the analytical review, it was found that the failure densities of various types of AG are in good agreement with the logarithmic-normal distribution and the Weibull-Gnedenko distribution law.</p> Turakulov Bahtiyor H Ibrahimov Karimjon I Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 8 83 87 Mathematical Model Of Textile Enterprise Sales Prevention https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1548 <p>Dedicated to the development of models for the construction of logistics management system of production resources of the textile enterprise, in this chapter the algorithmic model of informationanalytical support of the process of management of production resources of the enterprise and the mathematical model of forecasting sales of textile enterprises construction, solving the main problems of organizational design of the production system, modeling on the basis of a logistical approach.</p> Sanjar Ruzimatov Asqarov Azizbek Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 8 88 90 Selection and Training of Flight Instructors https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1580 <p>This article discusses the features of improving the skills of selection and training of flight instructors, as well as the features of preparing future pilot-engineers for the profession of a pilot, shortcomings and ways to overcome them in practical flights.</p> U.X. Baxramov Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 8 91 94 Greco-Roman Wrestling Techniques, Classification, Systematics and Their Terminology General Rules https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1581 <p>The following points provide information and suggestions on Greco-Roman wrestling techniques, classification, systematics and terminology, and general rules</p> Mehmonov Ravshan Nabiyevich Oʻrmonova Izzatxon Mamatusuf qizi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 8 95 97 Study of Physics Using Mental Experiments https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1597 <p>The article discusses the forms of development of students' thinking skills, types of intellectual experimental-theoretical thinking, external illustrative mental experiments, the ability to more visually describe the conclusions of physical theory, the degree of study of the studied process or physical phenomenon in a mental experiment.</p> Khusanov Zafar Jurakulovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 8 95 98 Photostimulated Tension Effects in TlInSe2 Crystals https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1598 <p>The paper presents the results of a study of photostimulated strain effects in TlInSe2 single crystals. It was found that the absolute value of the photocurrent in positively (compression) deformed samples increases, and in negatively (stretching) deformed samples – decreases in comparison with the undeformed sample. At the same time, the maximum of the photocurrent does not change, which indicates that the width of the direct transitions of TlInSe2 crystals remains unchanged under various types of deformation</p> S. H. Umarov N. Z. Gasanov R. R.Khamroev Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 8 99 105 Efficiency of Modeling Methods in Sports Training of Greco-Roman Wrestlers https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1599 <p>The relevance of the work lies in the fact that physical culture and sports serve as an important means of preserving and strengthening human health. The importance of physical culture and sports in the multifaceted process of educating a person, developing his physical qualities, strengthening health, and increasing efficiency is undeniable</p> Kubitdinov Jamshed Abdurakhmonovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 8 106 108 Development of Tactical Training of Wrestlers https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1601 <p>The article substantiates the methods of teaching the technical and tactical actions wrestlers by using means from other types of wrestling.</p> Kubitdinov J.A., Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 8 109 111 The Geometry Drawing https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1612 <p>The Geometry Drawing provides details and information on, The Geometry Drawing definition, that is how to emerged and the factors and theories on its The Geometry Drawing and we can learn batter and we know mor staffs.</p> Sardorbek Abdurahmonov Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 8 112 116 Tautomeric Equilibrium Among the Derivatives of Benzoyl Vinegar Aldehydes https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1613 <p>In this work, using modern physicochemical research methods, the interaction of various amino acid solutions with the Cu(II) ion, the structure and properties of the resulting complex compounds were studied. The influence of the environment on the formation of pure and mixed ligand complexes from various obtained amino acids and the constants of stability and instability were determined.</p> Ergashov Mansur Yarashovich Savriyeva Nigina Qahramon qizi Amonov Muhammad Murod o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 8 117 120 Analysis of Physical Status Indicators of Primary School Students https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1614 <p>This article analyzes the indicators of physical development and physical fitness of primary school students. Indicators of physical development and physical fitness of students were also developed by innovative methods.</p> Khankeldiev Sh.X. Akhmadaliev Sh. Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 8 121 124 Features of the Development of Physical Qualities of Young Football Players at the Stage of Initial Training https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1615 <p>Based on the monitoring analysis of development-related physical qualities, the article outlines an accentuated methodology aimed at educating the necessary motor qualities in young football players. A staged methodology of sports specialization has been developed and experimentally tested, and its effective ways of development have been determined.</p> Kim V.G Irmatov D Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 8 125 129 Methods of increasing physical faiths during the training of football players https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1616 <p>The article explains the further development of the physical capabilities of football players by increasing the volume and intensity of loads in the annual training cycle during training.</p> R. Hamroqulov Sh. Nishonov Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 8 130 132 Methods of Controlling the Physical Loads of Players https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1617 <p>In order to further develop mass and professional football in Uzbekistan, to strengthen its material and technical base, to train and educate a new generation of players, to increase the international prestige of football in our country, the president of the Republic personally and to the Makhkam of Ministers Sh.Great attention is being paid by Mirziyoyev, relevant decisions, decrees and laws are being developed and implemented in life, which is the basis for the development of sports</p> X.Haydaraliev D.Isakov Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 8 133 135 Life and Activity of Muhammad Shaybaniykha https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1631 <p>Abu al-Fath Muhammad Shaybani bin Shah Badaq bin Abu al-Khairkhan, born in 1451 and descended from Genghis Khan. It was called "The King's Wealth" in his youth, and over time his nickname changed to Shaybek, a nickname he chose as an adult. His father and grandfather died when he was still young, and he spent the beginning of his life chasing one of the enemies of his brother and grandfather, Abu al-Khairkhan. And they were going with a group of knights defending themselves. During this test, he learned how to live in the darkest conditions, which made him a great leader. The scene of these events is the Kabjak Plateau, which was once the kingdom of Chaghataykhan, a descendant of Genghis Khan. He united many Uzbek tribes and laid the foundation for their rise in M. Manaron and the establishment of the Bukhara Khanate.</p> Toshboltayev Zarif Shuhrat o`g`li Shavqatulloyev Do`stmuhammad Jo`ramurodov Islom Gulshanbek o`g`li Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 8 136 140 Formation of Students' Research Skills in the Process of English Lessons https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1632 <p>The article addresses current issues in the formation of students' research skills in the English language classroom</p> Narzieva Nargiza Norkuzievna Sattarova Gulnoza Solievna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 8 141 143 Main Problems of Thread Knurling That Affect Product Quality https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1637 <p>The article covers the main factors affecting product quality in thread knurling, the main problems of obtaining a high-quality thread by rolling method are considered</p> Barakaev Nusratilla Rajabovich Achilov Oybek Adiljonovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 8 144 147 Modeling the Temperature Field in a Drill Under Influence of High-Frequency Current Hardening https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1638 <p>The article presents an analysis of the main structural changes associated with temperature changes under the action of surface hardening by high-frequency currents on the drill surface</p> Saidova Mukhabbat Khamroevna Ergasheva Surayyo Rakhmonovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 8 148 151 Theoretical and Methodological Foundations of Research of the Process of Implementation of the Norms of International Law Regulating Objects of Intellectual Property into National Legislation and Mechanisms of Implementation https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/1650 <p>This article discusses the theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of the process of implementation of the norms of international law governing objects of intellectual property in national legislation and implementation mechanisms. It is analyzed the norms of international law in the field of intellectual property from the point of view of further implementation in national legislation</p> Nabiev Firuzjon Khamidovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 8 152 157