Texas Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies 2023-09-26T05:19:21+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Texas Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies</strong> provides the opportunity to the authors to publish their original research articles in Multidisciplinary field. </p> <p><strong>Frequency of Publication:</strong> Monthly</p> <p><strong>Acceptance Notification:</strong> 45 Days</p> <p><strong>ISSN (Online):</strong> <a href="">2770-0003</a></p> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor (2023): </strong>6.772</p> Pragma-Rhetorical Study of Prince Harry's Secession Speech 2023-09-10T15:38:30+00:00 Prof. Dr. Abbas Deygan Darweesh Al- Duleimi Asst. Lect. Zahraa Hamid Obeid Hajwal <p>This paper is a pragma-rhetorical analysis of a speech given by a member of the English Royal Family with the goal of convincing the reader of their point of view. Persuasion can be thought of as the process of swaying the decision-making process of another individual toward a specific option or line of action via the use of arguments or reasons, as well as by the use of appeals to both feeling and intellect. Additionally, it can be thought of as the act of swaying the minds of others through the use of arguments or reasons. (Cherry,2022). This study addresses how one member of the royal family deploys successfully the pragmarhetorical strategies to persuade the people about the sincerity of his stance. To this end, this paper ventures on analyzing Prince Harry's speech of secession from the Royal Family</p> 2023-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Exploring the Role of Literature in the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) Classroom: Key Considerations 2023-09-12T05:40:00+00:00 Inas Hisham Abdul Abbas <p>: In an increasingly competitive global landscape, individuals must adopt and integrate the four Cs, namely collaboration, communication, creativity, and critical thinking, into their learning endeavors. In the present era of education, it is imperative to adopt effective strategies that enhance essential life skills, foster active student participation, and are grounded in rigorous research, all while promoting critical thinking. This essay aims to highlight the substantial influence that literature may have in English as a foreign language (EFL) settings while considering the four Cs. In a broad sense, a literature-based program can derive three significant advantages. The objectives encompassed in this context include expanding students' understanding of literature to foster aesthetic appreciation, showcasing a diverse array of principles explored in substantial literary works, and facilitating the development of various facets of foreign language proficiency. Therefore, it is imperative to prioritize literature-related experiences in contemporary schooling. Section Two presents some justifications for incorporating literature in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) setting. Section Three of the paper examines several studies carried out in the context of the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom. Section Four of the document delineates a range of activities and tactics that can be employed to underscore the importance of high-quality instruction in analyzing and interpreting literary passages. Section Five of the paper outlines the criteria the author has put out to select literary works in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) contexts. Finally, Section Six culminates by presenting a series of recommendations that EFL specialists should consider</p> 2023-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Power of the Media to Influence Public Opinion by Setting the Agenda 2023-09-12T05:43:02+00:00 Hasanen Abbas Kadhim <p>There is abundant evidence that the media significantly shapes public opinion and policy in a given country. People learn not only the facts about current events from the news but also the relative importance of specific issues by observing how much coverage they receive. The prominence of a story in a newspaper's front page layout, other front page displays, enormous headlines, etc., all indicate how important a story is that day. Salience can also be inferred from television news, including the lead-in story, time spent on the topic, etc. The significance of each issue is effectively communicated through the repetition of these cues across multiple days. The news media can direct the public's focus on the relatively few problems that ultimately shape public opinion.</p> 2023-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Transport Methods and Their Impact on the Growth of Residential Use in the City of Kufa 2023-09-12T05:45:00+00:00 Helen Mohammed Abdel Hussein Al-Bdairi Prof. Dr. Hussein Jaaz Nasser Al-Fatlawi Muhammad Lotfi Zaki Ali <p>The city is unique among human communities and has special significance. The town is a partial system represented by how each resident exercises their role, and this interdependence and the unpredictability it generates are hallmarks of the city's objective complexity. From a functional standpoint, which guarantees the state of attraction with other services through its operating performance, it enables the development process that is only possible with knowledge and understanding of the nature of use as a location and distribution. Career despite the continuous change according to the constantly updated requirements of the individual according to the process of constant mobility, and from that, we deal with the interconnected process between the movement artery within the city and between residential use or urban expansion, as the policies of countries today are concerned with infrastructure, the most important of which is transport methods to defuse the momentum from densely populated areas. Simultaneously, we establish. The lack of effective streets and their inception without previous planning are problems in many Iraqi cities.</p> 2023-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Civil legal interpretation of securing the fulfillment of an obligation using the neustoika (penalty) method 2023-09-15T05:00:18+00:00 Rajabov Sherzodbek Ravshanbekovich <p>In this article, the issues of normative legal regulation regulating the penalty method of ensuring the fulfillment of obligations, as well as the concept and forms of neustoika are analyzed from a theoretical and legal point of view.</p> 2023-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Violence In the Family: Social and Legal Problem 2023-09-15T05:21:58+00:00 Uktamov Umidjon Shavkat o’g’li <p>This article examines the phenomenon of domestic violence through the prism of the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation, identifies the types of domestic violence and the reasons for the silence of the fact of domestic violence</p> 2023-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The role of high-performance systems in achieving the quality of work life 2023-09-17T07:23:18+00:00 Assistant Lecturer. Mohammed Hammadi Jaber AL-bakhati <p>The aim of the research is to discover the role of high-performance systems in achieving the quality of work life, as the independent variable high-performance systems were measured with a set of dimensions represented by (skillsenhancing practices, motivation-enhancing practices, practices enhancing participation opportunities) and the dependent variable (b) employee development, participation. compensation, supervision. Work environment) . As a sample was chosen from one of the formations of the Petrogyna Iraq company, consisting of (80) workers and various functional specializations, and a number of programs and statistical methods were used, including the SPSS program, the EXCEL program, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and the Cronbach alpha coefficient. And the development of strategic plans is weak at the level of the company, as well as the development programs for employees did not rise to the required level, and there was no real environment for the quality of work life in the research sample company. As well as a set of recommendations, the most important of which is that the research sample company should focus on the concept of high-performance systems, which would improve and develop its skills and motivation towards better performance, as well as enable it to invest opportunities that are reflected in the reality of the company by achieving its goals.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Obstacles to teaching and learning mathematics scheduled for the intermediate stage from the point of view of teachers and students in Iraq 2023-09-17T07:27:32+00:00 Assistant Lecturer. Luma Ali Ahmeed Al-Agaili <p>The study aimed to find out the obstacles to teaching and learning mathematics scheduled for the intermediate stage from the point of view of teachers and students in Iraq . The researcher followed the descriptive approach with the same questionnaire, where he directed two questionnaires, the first addressed to mathematics teachers, the sample of teachers reached (61), while the second questionnaire was directed to students amounted to (390) questionnaire, and conducted for both honesty, stability and statistical analysis of their paragraphs. The results of the research were the existence of obstacles to teaching and learning mathematics for the intermediate stage from the point of view of teachers and students in Iraq.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Role of Museums in Promoting Cultural Awareness Survey Study of A Sample of Visitors to The Shrine Museums In The Holy City of Karbala 2023-09-17T07:38:36+00:00 Taha Mahdi Mahmoud Mustafa Abdel Samad Khayoun <p>Our present era is witnessing a contemporary global civilization, for which museums are one of the most important arenas, manifestations, and glories. Countries of the world are keen to establish museums, increase their number, diversify their savings, raise their level, make good use of them, and be proud of them and their precious treasures that date back to diverse eras and multiple civilizations, talk about them, and attract tourists to visit them and see their holdings. Until tomorrow, the museum (the criterion for the advancement of nations and the measure of their progress), and visiting them and knowing their details is evidence of the individual's cultural awareness and the focus of his social conversations. In addition to the diversity of cultures of the visitor to museums and to meet his multiple needs in our current era, which requires the availability of the latest means and services that meet his knowledge desires in the areas of cultural, scientific and civilizational components. The museum has become in developed societies (the mirror of society) through the statistics of the number of visitors, which is one of the most important criteria for the sophistication and progress of societies and their strong desire to know human heritage and their concern for their cultural property.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Senior teacher of the Department of Primary Education Methodology Chirchik State Pedagogical University 2023-09-25T08:16:04+00:00 Nada Ismaeel Jabbouri Qammach Mohanad Salam Jawad Al-juybrawi <p>The aim of this research is to identify the role of dimensions of talent management practices as an independent variable to enhance of the organization prestige as a dependent variable. In light of the identification of the problem, the importance of the subject in the active contribution to develop and formulate new strategies to ensure that the talent management practices are directed in a manner that leads to the effective contribution to achieve the distinctive position of the researched company. Therefore, two main hypotheses emerged from which eight subhypotheses emerge for linkage and impact. The research targeted the telecommunications sector (Zain Iraq Telecom) as a research community. The researcher adopted the descriptive analytical approach, and the data were collected through the questionnaire, personal interviews, as well as personal observations in the field of application of the research. Statistical software (SPSS_V.24) was used to analyze the data, and a number of statistical methods were used including arithmetic mean, coefficient of variation, standard deviation, to analyze and describe the data, and to use correlation coefficient (Pearson) to test correlation hypotheses and simple linear regression coefficient. In conclusion, a number of conclusions were reached, the most important of which is that talent management practices are directly related to the organization prestige. They also positively affect the organization prestige. The dimension of talent development was the most related to the organization prestige. Talent Management Performance is the most influential in the organization prestige, The research recommended the need to pay attention to the application of talent management practices because of its impact in strengthening the organization Prestige.</p> 2023-09-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Importance of The Digital Economy in The Republic of Uzbekistan 2023-09-26T05:07:38+00:00 Taniberdiev Mukhlisbek Mukhammadjon ugli <p>Following the development of the digital economy in our country, on the example of progressive acceleration of various industries and world experience.</p> 2023-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Relation Between Vitamin D and Gut Microbiota: A Systematic Review 2023-09-26T05:19:21+00:00 Mahmood Razzaq Mashar Askar <p>Vitamin D enhances calcium absorption in the gut and ensures proper levels of calcium and phosphate in the bloodstream, which are necessary for normal bone formation and the prevention of hypocalcemic tetany. The gut microbiota is often referred to as an "extra organ" of the body as it performs vital functions for overall well-being. However, emerging research suggests that Vitamin D might impact the gut microbiota as well as anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory. This systematic review aims to conduct an in-depth analysis of the research on the relationship between vitamin D and gut microbiota, which was published between 2018 and 2023. The most current articles were identified by conducting a comprehensive search on PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Science, focusing on articles published between 2018 and 2023. The phrases "vitamin D" and "gut microbiota" (sometimes referred to as "intestinal microbiota" or "microbiome") are the main components of this meta-analysis which presents the findings from twelve separate investigations. The study demonstrated that the structure and functions of the gut microbiota were impacted by vitamin D deficiency. Additionally, a lack of vitamin D resulted in higher levels of Escherichia coli and lower levels of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Akkermansia muciniphila. On the other hand, Vitamin D supplements have improved gut flora composition and function. Recent research suggests that vitamin D plays a role in regulating the makeup of the gut microbiota. Recent discoveries have indicated that vitamin D can influence the composition of the microbial communities residing in the gastrointestinal tract. These findings highlight the potential impact of vitamin D on shaping the diversity and balance of the gut microbiota and underscoring the importance of understanding this relationship for overall health and well-being.</p> 2023-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023