Compared with many other metal ions with similar chemical properties, zinc is relatively harmless. Except when exposed to high doses, it has toxic effects, making it severe Intoxication; Long-term high doses of zinc also interfere with copper absorption. Hence it causes copper deficiency. Since zinc has a prominent role in brain cell death, cytotoxicity as a result of this includes ischemia or shock accumulation of free zinc. Rather than being a toxic metal (ion), zinc is an essential element. While overexposure poisoning is rare, zinc deficiency is widespread and has a detrimental effect on neuronal growth and immunity, and in severe cases its consequences are fatal. Deficiency caused by poor diet and foods with low bioavailability, aging, disease, or unregulated homeostasis is a more common hazard to human health. This study includes a statistical explanation of the natural ratios found in the human body, as well as statistical studies on the protocol used to take zinc in the quantities that must be taken to avoid infection with viruses, especially the Corona virus.


Zinc toxic effects human health Corona virus


How to Cite
Hiba Yousef Saleh, & Ameer Kamil Hamzah. (2022). Recent statistical studies of zinc and its effect on the human body. Texas Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 14, 33–36. Retrieved from https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjm/article/view/2680


  1. Bastola, Mrigendra M., et al. "Selenium, copper, zinc and hypertension: An analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011–2016)." BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 20.1 (2020): 1-8.‏
  2. Chrastinová, Ľ., et al. "Effect of dietary zinc supplementation on nutrients digestibility and fermentation characteristics of caecal content in physiological experiment with young rabbits." Slovak Journal of Animal Science 49.1 (2016): 23-31.‏
  3. NESSRIN, S. – ABDEL – KHALEK, A. M. – GAD, S. M. 2012. Effect of supplemental zinc, magnesium or iron on performance and some physiological traits of growing rabbits. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 6 (1), 2012, p. 23–30.
  4. MEMIŠI, N. – LEVIĆ, J. – ILIĆ, N. 2014. The influence of presence of zinc in diet on production traits of goats. In: Proc. XVI Int. Symposium “Feed Technology” 28-30 October, 2014, Novi Sad, Serbia, p. 78-87, ISBN 978-86-7994-044-5
  5. POSPÍŠILOVÁ, D. – PARKÁNYI, V. 2011. Vplyv humínových látok a probiotík na rast a produkčné ukazovatele brojlerových králikov. In: Nové směry v intenzivních a zájmových chovech králíků - XI. Celostátní seminář, 16. 11. 2011, Praha, Česká republika, s. 35–39. ISBN 978-80-7403-083-3
  6. Gibson, Rosalind S., and E. L. Ferguson. "Assessment of dietary zinc in a population." The American journal of clinical nutrition 68.2 (1998): 430S-434S.‏
  7. Dutra, Rosilene L., Geny A. Cantos, and Eduardo Carasek. "Analysis of zinc in biological samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry." Biological trace element research 111.1 (2006): 265-279.‏
  8. Beyersmann, Detmar, and Andrea Hartwig. "Carcinogenic metal compounds: recent insight into molecular and cellular mechanisms." Archives of toxicology 82.8 (2008): 493-512.‏
  9. Honscheid, Andrea, Lothar Rink, and Hajo Haase. "T-lymphocytes: a target for stimulatory and inhibitory effects of zinc ions." Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders-Drug Targets (Formerly Current Drug Targets-Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders) 9.2 (2009): 132-144.‏
  10. Carausu, Elena Mihaela, et al. "Study of serum and saliva biochemical levels for copper, zinc and cooper-zinc imbalance in patients with oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders and their prostetical and dsss (disfunctional syndrome of stomatognathic system) treatment." Revista de Chimie 67.9 (2016): 1832-1836.‏
  11. Damianaki, Katerina, et al. "Renal handling of zinc in chronic kidney disease patients and the role of circulating zinc levels in renal function decline." Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 35.7 (2020): 1163-1170.‏
  12. Sonmez, Rana, and Sahabettin Selek. "Determination of the Reference Range of Zinc and Copper Trace Elements in Turkish Society." Bezmialem Science 9 (2021): S36-S36.‏
  13. Tudor, R., P. D. Zalewski, and R. N. Ratnaike. "Zinc in health and chronic disease." The journal of nutrition, health & aging 9.1 (2005): 45-51.‏
  14. Rahim, Amena, and Khadija Iqbal. "To assess the levels of zinc in serum and changes in the lens of diabetic and senile cataract patients." JPMA-Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 61.9 (2011): 853.‏
  15. - Wu, Tiejian, et al. "Serum iron, copper and zinc concentrations and risk of cancer mortality in US adults." Annals of epidemiology 14.3 (2004): 195-201.‏
  16. sadat Mirsadeghi, Saghi. "Pbi-131 investigate the effects of zinc on renal function in rats."‏
  17. Wen, Siwan, Fan Yang, and Lemin Wang . "GW26-e0499 Comparison Study of Serum Zinc Concentration and Immune System Functions in Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism Patients." Journal of the American College of Cardiology 66.16S (2015): C238-C238.‏
  18. Ramos, Eliza Miranda, et al. "Vitamin D, Zinc and Iron in Adult Patients with Covid-19 and Their Action in The Immune Response as Biomarkers: A Case Report." (2021).‏