The Korean Peninsula was at one point in history a single unified entity until World War II happened. The Northern half was under occupation by the communist USSR, and the Southern half was occupied by the US. The occupation and the subsequent Korean War ensured that the two nations would take diverging paths that have set them apart to this day


Economy productive eventually complicated


How to Cite
Umurbaev Rustam Shakirjanovich. (2023). 38th parallel: The confrontation between the DPRK and the Republic of Korea. Texas Journal of Engineering and Technology, 24, 1–2. Retrieved from https://zienjournals.com/index.php/tjet/article/view/4356


  1. Michael Apple, Official Knowledge: Democratic Education in a Conservative Age (New York: Routledge, 1999); Amy Binder, Contentious Curricula: Afrocentrism and Creationism in American Public Schools (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004); Ron Evans, The Social Studies Wars: What Should We Teach the Children (New York: Teachers College Press, 2004).
  2. Professor Diana Hess worked with Jeremy Stoddard, then a graduate student, and a team of other graduate students on the first stage of the study analyzing the non-profit and U.S. State Department curricula: Kristen Buras, Ross Collin, Hilary Conklin, Eric Freedman, and Keita Takayama; and with Jeremy Stoddard and Shannon Murto on the second stage focusing on the textbooks.
  3. More detailed descriptions of our findings will be available in Diana Hess, Jeremy Stoddard, and Shannon Murto, “Examining the Treatment of 9/11 and Terrorism in High School Textbooks,” in Educating Democratic Citizens in Troubled Times: Qualitative Studies of Current Efforts, eds. Janet Bixby and Judith Pace (Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press, forthcoming 2008).