Texas Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 2022-05-26T12:50:20+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Texas Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences </strong>provides the opportunity to the authors to publish their original research articles in field of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. </p> <p><strong>Frequency of Publication:</strong> Bi-Monthly</p> <p><strong>ISSN (Online):</strong> <a href="">2771-8840</a></p> <p><strong>Acceptance Notification:</strong> 45 Days</p> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor (2022): </strong>5.855</p> Biochemical investigation of steroids on metabolic sequelae and neurobiological effects 2022-05-07T13:10:41+00:00 Tawhed Fadhil Jaber <p>Steroids are hormone mediators that are synthesized commercially by humans and are used extensively in medicine. The cortex of the adrenal glands produces them naturally. They're used to treat steroid-responsive illnesses and dermatoses, which are a group of maladies. Corticosteroids are a two-edged sword: when used correctly and for a short period, they can provide significant benefit with a low incidence of side effects; however, the wrong dose and/or duration, as well as unmindful withdrawal after prolonged administration, can have disastrous consequences. Corticosteroids are employed in a variety of medical fields. In this review, we will discuss in detail all the metabolic sequelae and neurological effects of steroid use. Moreover, we are also going to discuss the adverse events associated with prolonged steroid use.</p> 2022-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Foreign Direct Investment in Agriculture Sector 2022-05-10T19:21:55+00:00 Dr.Hayri Uygun Dr.Rashmi Gujrati Gurleen Kaur <p>Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays a critical role in the Indian financial system's rural sector. In order to boost the notion of yields, FDI is allowed in the growing part. Since 2010, FDI inflows to the agricultural sector of the Indian economy have increased significantly. Agriculture is regarded to be the nation's foundation, and it employs 65 percent of the Indian population</p> 2022-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Study of the influence of soil composition on the yield and quality indicators of wheat grain 2022-05-11T11:01:56+00:00 Kh.B.Ergasheva N.F.Khuzhakulova A.S.Elmurodova <p>Winter grain is a highly profitable crop, the cultivation of which allows solving a number of issues and problems of agriculture and the national economy: defi-phytosanitary condition and soil structure, expansion of the composition of winter crop precursors, soil enrichment with organic matter</p> 2022-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Use of Draft Flights and Monitoring Systems in Agriculture in the Fight Against Pests 2022-05-12T18:55:52+00:00 Zaynidinov Hakimjon Nasiridinovich Mallaev Oybek Usmonqulovich Modullaev Jahongir Sobir ugli <p>The article provides an overview of existing monitoring systems in agriculture using advanced technologies such as small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Over the past year, agricultural reports on the level of locust damage in the southern and central zones of Central Asia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan have been analyzed. Basic systems for monitoring the condition of plants in plants, the presence of fires, the appearance of wild animals and pests are considered. The main methods of pest control and their feasibility are discussed. An analysis of the unmanned vehicle market is presented and a forecast for its further development in the agricultural sector is developed. It was noted that the widespread use of these systems in the monitoring and protection of agricultural products in Uzbekistan from pests is important and effective.</p> 2022-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Biodegradation of Oil Contaminated Water by Filament Fungi 2022-05-12T19:00:31+00:00 Duha Bahaa Mohammed Al Fayaad Saad Hussein Khudhair <p>Twenty-two fungal isolates were isolated from five samples of oil-polluted water, the ability to grow on a solid mineral salt medium with 2% of crude oil was achieved; only seven isolates (WA2, WB3, WB7, WC2, WD3, WE2, and WE5) give clear-growing fungal colonies with different diameters. These fungal isolates are found to be more predominant in the polluted water samples, then they will be identified as Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma viridae, Fusarium verticelloides, penicillium oxysporum, Candida albicans, Aspergillus flavus respectively. In the present study, the primary and secondary screening of the ability of the isolates to degrade the crude oil was showed significant differences between the isolates on growth in the liquid medium containing 2% of crude oil and also in the percentage of crude oil biodegradation, while the isolate A. niger showed the highest ability compared with other studied isolates to consume the crude oil as carbon source with the best ratio of biodegradation reached to 95% after 28 days of incubation and the dry weight reached to 3.2 g after 7 days of incubation. Also, the results of GC showed the highest percentage loss of crude oil by A. niger which recorded 95% after 28 days of incubation, these results confirm the results of the screening tests for fungal isolates in terms of the similarity of the crude oil biodegradation rate after 7 days of incubation.</p> 2022-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 In Vitro Rearing of Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae and Braconidae) 2022-05-14T10:57:00+00:00 Jumaev Rasul Axmatovich <p>Since 2016, the studies on in vitro rearing Braconidae and Trichogrammatidae (B. habetor Say, B. greeni and T. pintoe, T. evanescens, T. chilonis) have been conducted successfully in Uzbekistan. For these parasites, cooking and the three main types of media were made from the hemolymph of the wax moth (G. melonnella) and cotton worm Helicoverpa armigera (Heliothis armigera), egg yolk, natural milk 10%. The simulated "host-eggs" and "larvae" are made of polyethylene or polypropylene semi spherical capsules, containing artificial diets, in which insectan pupal hemolymph is the main component. Mass production of in vitro reared Braconidae and Trichogrammatidae its utilization in the fields showed good effectiveness in controlling cotton bollworm</p> 2022-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Agro biological methods of obtaining early and high-grade cotton harvesting 2022-05-14T19:33:50+00:00 Mahammadjonov Zuhriddin Mukhiddin o’g’li O.O.Ibragimov <p>this article provides information on the methods of obtaining a high yield from cotton, varieties and seeds of cotton, how to obtain a crop</p> 2022-05-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Test of the Effectiveness of Biochar and Mineral Fertilizer on The Growth and Yield of Two Broad Bean Vicia Faba L 2022-05-26T12:46:27+00:00 Qotaiba.Saleh. Sheikh Abdulsalam Rajab Ahmed Al-Jumaily Jassim. Mohammed. Aziz <p>The experiment was applied in two successive winter seasons 2020 and 2021, with the aim of studying the growth and yield of two cultivars of bean, the Turkish variety A1 )Bakla sakiz) and the Spanish A2 variety (Histal), and three levels of NPK mineral fertilizer 20, 20, 20 and the total quantity was 200 kg.ha-1 S1 no addition and S2 adding 50% of the total fertilizer and S3 adding 100%, and three levels of biochar ( corn stalks and poultry manure) H1 no addition and H2 adding 7 tons.ha-1 and H3 adding 14 tons.ha-1 and three replicates using a design. (R.C.B.D). The results of the study showed significant differences between cultivars, fertilizer and biochar and the interaction between them, and for all the studied traits two seasons, The Spanish cultivar was significantly superior to the Turkish cultivar in terms of plant height, leaf area, chlorophyll content in leaves, weight of 100 seeds and total seed yield, except that the number of branches per plant did not differ significantly two seasons, The S3 level was significantly distinguished in all growth traits, weight of 100 seeds two seasons and a recipe for yield for the 2021 season, While the level S2 was significantly superior in the trait of the achievement for the 2020 season, the level H3 was significantly superior in all the characteristics of the study two seasons, The binary interaction between cultivars, manure, cultivars and charcoal was significant, as the two combinations A2S3 and A2H3 excelled in all study characteristics two seasons, The triple interaction between cultivars, fertilizer and charcoal was significant, as the two combinations A2S2H3 and A2S3H3 were superior in plant height, chlorophyll and yield two seasons and 100-seed weight trait for the 2020 season, While the combinations A1S3H2, A1S3H3, A2S3H2 and A2S3H3 were significantly distinguished in the characteristics of number of branches on the plant and leaf area two seasons.</p> 2022-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Influence of the Stimulant Humimax on the Yield of Sunflower 2022-05-26T12:50:20+00:00 Tadjiev Karim Mardanakulovich <p>In the conditions of the Surkhandarya region, the use of growth stimulants Humimax to obtain an early and high-yielding re-crop of sunflower. With the use of growth stimulants Humimax (seeding rate 0.75 l/t; spraying of plants in phase 3-4 leaves 0.4 l/ha) had a positive effect on all seed, growth, development and productive seed</p> 2022-05-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022